Lifestyle factors and reproductive health -taking control of your fertility

I have read an amazing and easy to follow article regarding lifestyle factors and reproductive health.

It has been estimated that number of infertile couples is in constant increase, and this percentage is even higher in industrialized and economically developed countries.

Lifestyle factors such as the age at which to start a family, nutrition, weight management, exercise, stress, and nicotine consumption, environmental and occupational exposures to toxins, drug, alcohol and excessive caffeine intake can have substantial effects on fertility. While this impact is mostly negative we should focus on preventative care and those aspects that are modifiable and under your own control to promote overall well-being in order to promote their positive impact.


The age of both man and woman is a determining factor affecting fertility. Nowadays due to pursuit of education and higher professional goals couples delay child-bearing, sometimes until it’s too late. Fertility peaks and then decreases over time, so we should all seriously consider reproductive age span.

For women this timeframe is even more complex. A woman is born with all the egg cells she will ever have. They degrade and decline in number and quality over the years, and this is individual for every woman, though genetically determined. While age is increasing, it takes more time to conceive.


Eating a healthy and varied diet is a key part of maintaining good overall health. Replace carbs and snacks with vegetables. Choose trans fats in the diet instead of monounsaturated fats. Adopt a supplementation strategy. Use of multivitamins and supplements also has an effect and is strongly recommended.


An individual’s weight and BMI is often associated with his or her eating habits and amount of activity. Numerous studies have demonstrated that BMI increase is negatively correlated with sperm concentration, and motility in men, and ovulatory disorders and anovulation in women. Therefore it is important to bring your BMI to the level recommended for your age. Obesity, as well as being underweight can pose a serious health risk and can negatively impact both male and female fertility.


Daily healthy routine should be your imperative. Every day you should walk minimum 2km and try sports that you enjoy. Excessive training, intense cardio workouts and bicycling for men could have a negative correlation with fertility. Physical activity coupled with weight loss in obese people has a protective effect on fertility.
Needless to say that cigarette smoking, and drug and alcohol abuse negatively affect your general health and fertility as well.

Other aspects that men should pay attention to is not to shower with hot water, not to use lubricants that don’t have sperm friendly declarations, and not to wear too tight clothes as that can cause a significant decrease in semen quality.

Factors affecting fertility that we don’t have influence over are air pollution, radiation, exposure to heavy metals, pesticides, endocrine disruptors, and other chemicals. If by any chance you are exposed to these toxins through your hobbies and daily activities most likely you will experience consequences, the damage depending on your age, general health and dose to which you have been subjected to.