pregnancy test negativeThere is nothing worse than the disappointment of a negative pregnancy test, when you are trying to conceive.

If you are over 35 and trying longer for six month, you should not wait long before you make an appointment with your physician.

It is always a good idea to have a thorough checkup before you get pregnant to explore any hidden illness and to treat it before the pregnancy. The doctor will also find out, if there are any obvious physical reasons for not getting pregnant and will direct you a specialist, if necessary.

Some of the medical reasons for infertility might be reversible and, sadly, some are not. Here is a list of the most common medical problems, which can be the cause for not getting pregnant.

First, ovulation issues are very common. To this, you need to make sure to know when exactly you ovulate. Further, there may be damage or a blockage in the ovaries, usually a result of a previous inflammation often caused by Chlamydia, a sexually transmitted infection.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition in which the body produces too much androgen causing ovulation problems. This is often associated with insulin resistance and severe obesity.

Early menopause can cause the absence of menstruation and a depletion of ovarian follicles even before the age of 40. This can be brought on by immune system diseases, radiation of chemo treatment – even smoking can be a factor. Early menopause is also partially inherited, meaning genetically programmed. If your mother had an early menopause, there is an increased chance you, too, will have one.

Uterine fibroids, benign tumors in the wall of the uterus are common in women in their 30s and 40s. Sometimes they cause infertility by blocking the fallopian tubes, or they may interfere with the implantation of the fertilized egg.

Pelvic adhesions are bands of scar tissue after a pelvic infection, appendicitis or abdominal surgery. This scar tissue can impair fertility.

There are also medical disorders unrelated to the sexual organs, which can affect fertility, like disorders of the thyroid gland with the production of too much or too little thyroid hormones, kidney disease and diabetes. Cancer, especially female reproductive cancers can severely affect fertility. Also the treatments for those types of cancer, chemo therapy and radiation can affect reproductive function.